Before explaining optimistic or pessimistic side of automation, it is very important to know what is Automation ?
Definition of Automation:
- In simple words, automation is the technique of making a process, or a system that operate automatically. It is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed with minimum human effort.
- The motive of automation is to boost efficiency and reliability. In most cases, however, automation replaces labor.
- In fact, today economists have fear that new technology will eventually increase unemployment rates.
- Automation is widely used in a number of areas such as- manufacturing, transport, utilities, information technology etc.
Uses of Automation:
- Automation is used to automate repetitive tasks and other testing tasks which are difficult to perform manually.
- Today, a lot of various software tools are available in the market which can generate the code for an application.
- The user only need to do one thing that is make use of the tool and define the process.
- Automation is rapidly improving productivity, saving time and cutting costs.
Advantages of Automation:
Lower operating costs:
- Robots can perform the work of three to five people, depending on the task.
Improved worker safety:
- Automated cells help us to keep away workers from dangerous tasks. Employees will demonstrate thank you towards you for safeguarding them against the hazards of a industrial environment.
Reduced factory lead times:
- Another benefit of automation is the reduction in the number of hours worked on average per week by factory workers.
- Earlier the average workweek was approximately 70 hours but now this has gradually been reduced to a standard workweek in the United States of about 40 hours.
- Automation is precise and repeatable that ensures the product is manufactured with the same specifications and process every time. Repairs are few and far between.
Ability to be more competitive:
- Automated cells allow you to decrease cycle times and cost-per-piece while improving quality which allows you to better compete on a global scale.
Increased production output:
- A robot has the ability to work at a constant speed which means you’ve got the potential to produce more. New products can be more quickly introduced into the production process without disruption to the existing processes.